October 13, 2008

#01-170: Reading Boomtown Chronicles 42

wide view of an urban area with bushes in the foreground, over which is written "READING BOOMTOWN CHRONICLES"
Shenzhen, the Boomtown

Note: Between Lesson #01-128 and #01-207, I wrote 72 lessons explaining expressions in articles published in the Shenzhen Daily. Read more about "Reading Boomtown Chronicles."

Get Ready: Do you know what the power source is in your area? Is it hydroelectric, nuclear, fossil-based (coal, oil, gas), renewable (wind, solar), or some combination of these?

Boomtown Chronicles Part XVI - published Monday, October 13, 2008

  • Title: "Plant started era of nuclear power."

nuclear: related to atomic energy. The power generated by a nuclear power plant comes from the splitting of the nucleus of an atom (thus "atomic power"). "Nucleus" means "center," and is used in many ways. For example, a few people meeting in a park can become the "nucleus" for a large English Corner.

The word "nuclear," by the way, is pronounced "NEW-klee-er." U.S. president Gearoge W. Bush was often criticized for pronouncing it "NEWK-ya-ler."

  • "nuclear installations"

installation: a dedicated complex of buildings. An installation can be anything that has been installed (such as some equipment, or even a work of art). But we also use the term for things like "military installations." Here, we may be talking about both: a "nuclear plant" has equipment installed, and features a complex of support buildings.

  • "15 billion kwh"

kwh: kilowatt hours. This is an amount of energy equal to the work done by one kilowatt in one hour. A kilowatt is 1000 watts. So imagine the amount of energy used by ten light bulbs rated at 100 watts burning for one hour; that's one "kwh."

  • "hydroelectric resources"

hydroelectric: power generated by flowing water. Often, it turns some kind of wheel or turbine, and electric power is generated. (Hydro-, of course, means "water.")

In the early days of the Industrial Revolution, before electricity was in common use, factories would often be located near waterfalls or rivers, which would turn a waterwheel to power machines. Later, the idea of this mechanical power was applied to the generation of electricity, which could then be used in areas remote from the water source.


Read more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shenzhen

Practice: Choose the correct term to fill in the blank in the sentence below:

  1. hydroelectric
  2. installation
  3. kwh
  4. nuclear

  1. We went to visit an ________ of artworks created by children in refugee camps.
  2. ________ power is cleaner than power from fossil fuels.
  3. ________ power is cleaner than hydroelectric, but some people still fear the danger of accidents.
  4. The average price of electricity in the U.S. is around 13.31 cents per ________.

Answers are in the first comment below.

Submitted to the Shenzhen Daily for October 13, 2008

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